Home > Ephemeris Program, stars > 05/12/2015 – Ephemeris – Arcturus, a look at the Sun’s future

05/12/2015 – Ephemeris – Arcturus, a look at the Sun’s future

May 12, 2015

Ephemeris for Tuesday, May 12th.  Today the Sun will be up for 14 hours and 42 minutes, setting at 9:00.   The Moon, 1 day past last quarter, will rise at 3:43 tomorrow morning.  Tomorrow the Sun will rise at 6:17.

Arcturus, a red giant star is about midway up the sky in the southeast at 10 p.m.  It’s visible earlier, being the 4th brightest night-time star and the third brightest star-like object out at that time after Venus and Mars.  A pointer to it is the handle of the Big Dipper, following the arc of the handle to Arcturus.  Though only 37 light years away, it’s not from around here.  It’s passing through the galactic disk from north to south.  Arcturus is about 7 billion years old, and is about 8% more massive than our Sun.  It appears to be starting its red giant phase, after running out of hydrogen to fuse to helium in its core and is beginning to fuse helium.  It’s a preview of coming attractions for our Sun when it gets that old.

Times are for the Traverse City/Interlochen area of Michigan.  They may be different for your location.

Addendum

Finding Arcturus

Finding Arcturus. Orientation for 11 p.m. on May 12, 2015. Created using Stellarium.

A sun-like star's evolution.

Evolution of a sun-like star. Note the sizes of the star at the various stages are compressed, also the time line. In the red giant stage the star is possibly a hundred times larger than at the main sequence stage. The white dwarf stage is a hundred times smaller than the main sequence stage. Click to enlarge.  Credit: From a NASA/Chandra poster.

 

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