10/03/2015 – Ephemeris – Venus and Mars pass each other this morning
Ephemeris for Tuesday, November 3rd, election day for some localities. The Sun will rise at 7:23. It’ll be up for 10 hours and 5 minutes, setting at 5:29. The Moon, at last quarter today, will rise at 12:26 tomorrow morning.
This morning the planets Mars and Venus will cross paths. Mars, which is much dimmer, will appear about 2 Moon diameters above and left of Venus. In fact if you view them at 7 a.m., binoculars may be your only hope to spot the red planet. Mars is a small planet, half the size of the Earth or Venus. It also farther from the Sun than either Venus or the Earth. When Mars is at its closest to the Earth it is actually brighter than Jupiter, but Mars varies its distance from the Earth by a great range, from 240 million miles (386 million km) at its greatest distance to about 35 million miles (56 million km) at its nearest. At its farthest, Mars is only as bright as a Big Dipper star. Venus and Jupiter also vary their brightness but to a smaller degree than Mars.
Times are for the Traverse City/Interlochen area of Michigan. They may be different for your location.
Venus is magnitude -3.95, distance is 113 million km, or 72 million miles away.
Mars is magnitude 1.88, distance is 326 million km or 203 million miles away.
Jupiter is magnitude -1.40, distance is 886 million km or 550 million miles away.