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Archive for November 1, 2019

11/01/2019 – Ephemeris – Previewing November Skies and a GTAS meeting

November 1, 2019 Comments off

Ephemeris for Friday, November 1st. The Sun will rise at 8:20. It’ll be up for 10 hours and 11 minutes, setting at 6:31. The Moon, 3 days before first quarter, will set at 10:13 this evening.

Let’s take a look at November skies. The time change back to standard time will set us back an hour on sunrise and sunset times, so it’ll be brighter in the morning and darker in the evening this Sunday. Out east in New York, the Sun is already setting before 5 p.m. It will never set that early here. The Sun is up for 10 hours 11 minutes today and that will dwindle down to 9 hours and 5 minutes at month’s end. The Sun reaches 30 and a half angular degrees above the southern horizon at local apparent solar noon, which is 12:25 p.m. this month.

The big event this month will be the transit of the planet Mercury across the face of the Sun on the morning of November 11th.  Mercury is too small to be seen with eclipse glasses from left over from the eclipse of two years ago.  Project the Sun’s image using a telescope or binoculars on a white card.  Don’t look through the instruments or finders.  The event starts at sunrise at 7:35 and runs to 1:04 p.m.  I’ll have more on it next week.

Tonight there will be the monthly meeting of the Grand Traverse Astronomical Society at 8 p.m. followed by a star party at 9 p.m, if it’s clear at Northwestern Michigan College’s Rogers Observatory on Birmley Road.

The times given are for the Traverse City/Interlochen area of Michigan. They may be different for your location.

Addendum

November Evening Star Chart

November Evening Star Chart

Star Chart for November 2019 (9 p.m. EST November 15, 2019). Click on image to enlarge.Created using my LookingUp program. Click on image to enlarge.

The planets and stars are plotted for the 15th at 9 p.m. EST in the evening and 6 a.m. for the morning chart. These are the chart times. Note that Traverse City is located approximately 45 minutes behind our time meridian, West 75° longitude. (An hour 45 minutes behind our daylight saving time meridian during EDT).

November Morning Star Chart

November Morning Star Chart

Star Chart for November mornings 2019 (6 a.m. EST November 15, 2019). Click on image to enlarge. Created using my LookingUp program.

For a list of constellation names to go with the abbreviations click here.

  • Pointer stars at the front of the bowl of the Big Dipper point to Polaris the North Star.
  • Follow the arc of the handle of the Big Dipper to the star Arcturus
  • The Summer Triangle is in red.
  • TauR on the evening star chart can be used as the radiant for the North and South Taurid meteor showers.
  • LeoR on the morning star chart is the radiant of the Leonid meteor shower which peaks between the 16th to 21st.

Twilight Limits, Nautical and Astronomical

EDT
Traverse City Morning twilight Evening twilight Dark night Moon
Date Astro. Nautical Nautical Astro. Start End Illum.
2019-11-01 6h46m 7h20m 19h40m 20h13m 22h13m 6h46m 0.26
2019-11-02 6h48m 7h22m 19h38m 20h12m 23h10m 6h48m 0.36
EST
2019-11-03 5h49m 6h23m 18h37m 19h11m 23h09m 5h49m 0.46
2019-11-04 5h50m 6h24m 18h36m 19h10m 5h50m 0.56
2019-11-05 5h51m 6h25m 18h35m 19h09m 0h10m 5h51m 0.65
2019-11-06 5h52m 6h26m 18h33m 19h08m 1h12m 5h52m 0.74
2019-11-07 5h54m 6h28m 18h32m 19h06m 2h13m 5h54m 0.82
2019-11-08 5h55m 6h29m 18h31m 19h05m 3h14m 5h55m 0.89
2019-11-09 5h56m 6h30m 18h30m 19h04m 4h15m 5h56m 0.94
2019-11-10 5h57m 6h31m 18h29m 19h03m 5h16m 5h57m 0.98
2019-11-11 5h58m 6h33m 18h28m 19h02m 0.98
2019-11-12 5h59m 6h34m 18h27m 19h02m 1
2019-11-13 6h01m 6h35m 18h26m 19h01m 1
2019-11-14 6h02m 6h36m 18h25m 19h00m 0.97
2019-11-15 6h03m 6h37m 18h25m 18h59m 18h59m 19h45m 0.92
2019-11-16 6h04m 6h38m 18h24m 18h58m 18h58m 20h41m 0.85
2019-11-17 6h05m 6h40m 18h23m 18h57m 18h57m 21h46m 0.76
2019-11-18 6h06m 6h41m 18h22m 18h57m 18h57m 22h56m 0.66
2019-11-19 6h07m 6h42m 18h21m 18h56m 18h56m 0.55
2019-11-20 6h08m 6h43m 18h21m 18h55m 18h55m 0h09m 0.43
2019-11-21 6h10m 6h44m 18h20m 18h55m 18h55m 1h24m 0.31
2019-11-22 6h11m 6h45m 18h19m 18h54m 18h54m 2h39m 0.21
2019-11-23 6h12m 6h47m 18h19m 18h54m 18h54m 3h55m 0.12
2019-11-24 6h13m 6h48m 18h18m 18h53m 18h53m 5h11m 0.05
2019-11-25 6h14m 6h49m 18h18m 18h53m 18h53m 6h14m 0.01
2019-11-26 6h15m 6h50m 18h17m 18h52m 18h52m 6h15m 0
2019-11-27 6h16m 6h51m 18h17m 18h52m 18h52m 6h16m 0.02
2019-11-28 6h17m 6h52m 18h17m 18h52m 18h59m 6h17m 0.06
2019-11-29 6h18m 6h53m 18h16m 18h51m 19h54m 6h18m 0.12
2019-11-30 6h19m 6h54m 18h16m 18h51m 20h54m 6h19m 0.19

Twilight calendar was generated using Cartes du Ciel (Sky Charts).

See my blog post: Twilight Zone for the definitions of the different periods of twilight here: https://bobmoler.wordpress.com/2018/09/27/.

NASA Calendar of Planetary Events

     Date   Time   Event
Nov  1 Fr          Venus: 20.8° E
     1 Fr  4:40 pm Moon Descending Node
     1 Fr  7:33 pm Moon South Dec.: 23° S
     2 Sa  2:31 am Moon-Saturn: 0.6° N
     4 Mo  5:23 am First Quarter
     5 Tu  6:41 pm South Taurid Meteor Shower: ZHR = 10
     7 Th  3:37 am Moon Apogee: 405100 km
     9 Sa  2:18 pm Venus-Antares: 3.9° N
     9 Sa  6:05 pm Mars-Spica: 2.8° N
    11 Mo 10:17 am Mercury Inferior Conjunction (Transit)
    12 Tu  8:34 am Full Moon
    12 Tu  5:57 pm North Taurid Meteor Shower: ZHR = 15
    16 Sa  3:48 am Moon Ascending Node
    16 Sa  8:52 am Moon North Dec.: 23.2° N
    18 Mo 12:15 am Leonid Meteor Shower: ZHR = 15
    18 Mo  5:11 am Moon-Beehive: 0.9° S
    19 Tu  4:11 pm Last Quarter
    23 Sa  2:54 am Moon Perigee: 366700 km
    24 Su  4:02 am Moon-Mars: 4.4° S
    24 Su  7:17 am Venus-Jupiter: 1.4° N
    26 Tu 10:06 am New Moon
    28 Th  4:59 am Mercury Greatest Elongation: 20.1° W
    28 Th  5:49 am Moon-Jupiter: 0.8° S
    28 Th  1:50 pm Moon-Venus: 2° S
    28 Th 11:13 pm Moon Descending Node
    29 Fr  5:36 am Moon South Dec.: 23.2° S
    29 Fr  4:12 pm Moon-Saturn: 1° N
Dec  1 Su          Venus: 27.9° E

All event times are given for UTC-4 hr: Eastern Daylight Saving Time or UTC-5 Eastern Standard Time starting the 3rd.

Sky Events Calendar by Fred Espenak and Sumit Dutta (NASA’s GSFC),
http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SKYCAL/SKYCAL.html.

If you go to the above site you can print out a list like the above for the entire year or calendar pages for your time zone.

Sun and Moon Rising and Setting Events

     LU                  Ephemeris of Sky Events for Interlochen/TC
     November, 2019    Local time zone: EDT
     +-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
     | DATE |  SUN     SUN  DAYLIGHT|   TWILIGHT*    |MOON  RISE OR    ILLUM |
     |      |  RISE    SET    HOURS |  END    START  |PHASE SET** TIME FRACTN|
     +=======================================================================+
     |Fri  1| 08:20a  06:31p  10:11 | 07:36p  07:15a |      Set  10:13p   27%|
     |Sat  2| 08:21a  06:30p  10:08 | 07:35p  07:16a |      Set  11:09p   36%|
     +------+-----------------------+----------------+-----------------------+
     | EST  |      Time Change      |                |                       |
     |Sun  3| 07:23a  05:29p  10:05 | 06:34p  06:17a |      Set  11:09p   46%|
     |Mon  4| 07:24a  05:27p  10:03 | 06:32p  06:19a |F Qtr Set  12:10a   55%|
     |Tue  5| 07:25a  05:26p  10:00 | 06:31p  06:20a |      Set  01:12a   65%|
     |Wed  6| 07:27a  05:25p  09:57 | 06:30p  06:21a |      Set  02:13a   73%|
     |Thu  7| 07:28a  05:23p  09:55 | 06:29p  06:22a |      Set  03:13a   81%|
     |Fri  8| 07:30a  05:22p  09:52 | 06:28p  06:24a |      Set  04:14a   88%|
     |Sat  9| 07:31a  05:21p  09:50 | 06:27p  06:25a |      Set  05:16a   93%|
     +------+-----------------------+----------------+-----------------------+
     |Sun 10| 07:32a  05:20p  09:47 | 06:26p  06:26a |      Set  06:19a   97%|
     |Mon 11| 07:34a  05:19p  09:45 | 06:25p  06:27a |      Set  07:24a  100%|
     |Tue 12| 07:35a  05:17p  09:42 | 06:24p  06:28a |Full  Rise 05:45p  100%|
     |Wed 13| 07:36a  05:16p  09:40 | 06:23p  06:30a |      Rise 06:18p   98%|
     |Thu 14| 07:38a  05:15p  09:37 | 06:22p  06:31a |      Rise 06:57p   94%|
     |Fri 15| 07:39a  05:14p  09:35 | 06:21p  06:32a |      Rise 07:45p   88%|
     |Sat 16| 07:40a  05:13p  09:33 | 06:21p  06:33a |      Rise 08:41p   80%|
     +------+-----------------------+----------------+-----------------------+
     |Sun 17| 07:42a  05:12p  09:30 | 06:20p  06:34a |      Rise 09:46p   70%|
     |Mon 18| 07:43a  05:12p  09:28 | 06:19p  06:36a |      Rise 10:56p   60%|
     |Tue 19| 07:44a  05:11p  09:26 | 06:18p  06:37a |L Qtr Rise 12:09a   49%|
     |Wed 20| 07:46a  05:10p  09:24 | 06:18p  06:38a |      Rise 01:24a   37%|
     |Thu 21| 07:47a  05:09p  09:22 | 06:17p  06:39a |      Rise 02:39a   27%|
     |Fri 22| 07:48a  05:08p  09:20 | 06:16p  06:40a |      Rise 03:55a   17%|
     |Sat 23| 07:49a  05:08p  09:18 | 06:16p  06:41a |      Rise 05:10a    9%|
     +------+-----------------------+----------------+-----------------------+
     |Sun 24| 07:51a  05:07p  09:16 | 06:15p  06:42a |      Rise 06:26a    4%|
     |Mon 25| 07:52a  05:06p  09:14 | 06:15p  06:43a |      Rise 07:41a    1%|
     |Tue 26| 07:53a  05:06p  09:12 | 06:14p  06:45a |New   Set  05:27p    0%|
     |Wed 27| 07:54a  05:05p  09:10 | 06:14p  06:46a |      Set  06:10p    2%|
     |Thu 28| 07:56a  05:05p  09:08 | 06:13p  06:47a |      Set  06:59p    7%|
     |Fri 29| 07:57a  05:04p  09:07 | 06:13p  06:48a |      Set  07:54p   13%|
     |Sat 30| 07:58a  05:04p  09:05 | 06:13p  06:49a |      Set  08:54p   20%|
     +-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
     * Nautical Twilight
     ** Moonrise or moonset, whichever occurs between sunrise and sunset

Generated using my LookingUp for DOS program.