Home > Ephemeris Program, stars > 03/05/2020 – Ephemeris – Apparently Betelgeuse, though dimming wasn’t cooling as expected

03/05/2020 – Ephemeris – Apparently Betelgeuse, though dimming wasn’t cooling as expected

March 5, 2020

Ephemeris for Thursday, March 5th. Today the Sun will be up for 11 hours and 24 minutes, setting at 6:36, and it will rise tomorrow at 7:10. The Moon, 3 days past first quarter, will set at 5:31 tomorrow morning.

Betelgeuse, the red star in the constellation Orion’s shoulder has apparently stopped dimming and has begun to brighten. The guesses as to the cause of the dimming are many. One suggested by a photograph taken of the star in December shows the southern half dimmed like it was covered by something. Betelgeuse out gasses lots of material, some of which condenses into dust. Could some of this dust mask the star and make it dimmer? I suspect that we’ll find out before too long. Many astronomers are wishing Betelgeuse would explode in a core collapse or type 2 supernova. At its approximate 700 light year distance we’d be safe, though a bazillion neutrinos would pass harmlessly through each one of us just before the light would get here.

The times given are for the Traverse City/Interlochen area of Michigan. They may be different for your location.

Addendum

Betelgeuse's dust plume

An image of the star Betelgeuse taken in infrared shows it’s surrounded by a vast cloud of dust that erupted from the surface (the bright star itself is masked out, though an image of it has been superposed there for scale — it’s about the size of the orbit of Jupiter, over a billion km wide). Credit: ESO/P. Kervella/M. Montargès et al., Acknowledgement: Eric Pantin via Phil Plait’s Bad Astronomy blog on syfy.com.

Betelgeuse before and after dimming

This comparison image shows the star Betelgeuse before and after its unprecedented dimming. The observations, taken with the SPHERE instrument on ESO’s Very Large Telescope in January and December 2019, show how much the star has faded and how its apparent shape has changed. Credit: ESO/M. Montargès et al.

More on this from Dr. Phil Plait’s Bad Astronomy blog on syfy.com: https://www.syfy.com/syfywire/mea-culpa-betelgeuse-and-its-dusty-convective-pulsations

Categories: Ephemeris Program, stars Tags: ,
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