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10/21/2021 – Ephemeris – Defending the planet

October 21, 2021 Comments off

This is Ephemeris for Thursday, October 21st. Today the Sun will be up for 10 hours and 41 minutes, setting at 6:47, and it will rise tomorrow at 8:07. The Moon, 1 day past full, will rise at 7:29 this evening.

This is the 4th program in 8 days here on Ephemeris about asteroids. A possible collision of an asteroid or comet has been on our collective minds since the 20-some odd pieces of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 hit Jupiter in July 1994. In 2016 NASA established the Planetary Defense Coordination Office to manage its ongoing planetary defense efforts. Its mission is to provide early detection of potentially hazardous objects that can come within 5 million miles of the Earth’s orbit and a size large enough to cause significant damage. Asteroid sizes would be 30 to 50 meters in diameter, that’s 90 to 150 feet in diameter or larger. It will track and issue warnings of these objects when found. It will coordinate responses to any impact threat.

The astronomical event times given are for the Traverse City/Interlochen area of Michigan (EDT, UT-4 hours). They may be different for your location.

Addendum

Planetary Defense Coordination Office

What the Planetary Defense Coordination Office does. Credit: NASA.