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Posts Tagged ‘Apollo 11’

07/19/2019 – Ephemeris – 50 years ago tomorrow humankind set foot on the Moon

July 19, 2019 Leave a comment

Ephemeris for Friday, July 19th. Today the Sun will be up for 15 hours and 7 minutes, setting at 9:22, and it will rise tomorrow at 6:16. The Moon, 3 days past full, will rise at 11:14 this evening.

On this day, 50 years ago the combined Apollo 11 spacecraft Command and Service module with attached Lunar Module dropped into orbit of the Moon. The crew spotted a glow coming from the Aristarchus region, still on the night side of the Moon. Armstrong and Aldrin entered the LM to power it up and to get it ready for landing. The next day they undocked from the Command Module and began their 2 hour 33 minute descent to the Moon’s surface. As they neared the surface The astronauts found out they were going to miss the planned landing area and would land in a more boulder strewn area. Armstrong took control and guided the LM to a safe landing with less than 30 seconds of fuel remaining. The Eagle had landed.

The times given are for the Traverse City/Interlochen area of Michigan. They may be different for your location.

Addendum

Crew of Apollo 11

Left to right Neil Armstrong, Mission Commander; Michael Collins, Command Module Pilot; and Buzz Aldrin, Lunar Module Pilot. Credit: NASA.

Apollo 11 launch

The Saturn V for the Apollo 11 mission lifts of from Pad 39A. Credit: NASA.

Aldrin with the PSEP instrument looking back at the LM. Credit NASA/Neil Armstrong.

Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter image of the Apollo 11 landing area. Compare the location od the objects in the picture above with this image.  The flag was blown down by the lift off of the Ascent module when the Astronauts left the Moon. Credit NASA/LRO.

07/16/2019 – Ephemeris – 50 years ago today the Apollo mission left for the Moon

July 16, 2019 Comments off

Ephemeris for Tuesday, July 16th. Today the Sun will be up for 15 hours and 12 minutes, setting at 9:25, and it will rise tomorrow at 6:13. The Moon, at full today, will rise at 9:30 this evening.

50 years ago today at 11:32 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time the most powerful rocket ever built roared into life. The Saturn V, a three stage rocket, 363 feet tall, which in turn launched two spacecraft, the Command and Service modules, and the Lunar Module, and three astronauts on their journey to destiny, Neil Armstrong, Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin, and Michael Collins. It was the start of the Apollo 11 mission. It happens that tonight the namesake of the rocket, the planet Saturn is to the right of the Moon. At launch the Moon was two days old, a thin crescent in the west that evening. Four days later they would be orbiting the Moon, and Armstrong and Aldrin would be descending to the Moon’s surface.

The times given are for the Traverse City/Interlochen area of Michigan. They may be different for your location.

Addenda

Apollo 11

Crew of Apollo 11

Left to right Neil Armstrong, Mission Commander; Michael Collins, Command Module Pilot; and Buzz Aldrin, Lunar Module Pilot. Credit: NASA.

Apollo 11 launch

The Saturn V for the Apollo 11 mission lifts of from Pad 39A. Credit: NASA.

The Moon and Saturn tonight

The Moon and Saturn tonight, 11 p.m. July 16, 2019. In reality the Moon will be so bright that Saturn will be almost overwhelmed. Created using Stellarium.

Here’s an excellent podcast series from the BBC:  13 Minutes to the Moon.

Partial Lunar Eclipse

The partial lunar eclipse today is not mentioned in the program because it is not visible locally.

Partial Lunar Eclipse of July 16, 2019. Click on image to enlarge. Credit NASA/GSFC/F. Espenak.

05/14/2019 – Ephemeris – The Apollo 11 crew weren’t alone at the Moon

May 14, 2019 Comments off

Ephemeris for Tuesday, May 14th. Today the Sun will be up for 14 hours and 47 minutes, setting at 9:03, and it will rise tomorrow at 6:14. The Moon, 3 days past first quarter, will set at 4:54 tomorrow morning.

By the time Apollo 11 launched on July 16th, 1969 the Soviet union had its two launch failures of their massive lunar rocket the N-1 that year. In a last ditch attempt to scoop the United States, literally, the Soviet Union launched their Lunar 15 spacecraft that was to return a sample of the lunar surface material before Apollo 11 could return from the Moon with theirs. The Soviets launched Luna 15 on July 13th, and entered lunar orbit on the 17th. It descended to the lunar surface while Armstrong and Aldrin were still on the Moon. However communication was lost during descent and it crashed into the Sea of Crises several hundred miles northeast of where the Eagle had landed. The US was kept apprised of the Lunar 15 mission by the Soviets.

The times given are for the Traverse City/Interlochen area of Michigan. They may be different for your location.

Addendum

Luna-15

Luna-15 type vehicle the Soviets sent to the Moon to bring back surface samples. Credit NASA.

09/25/2017 – Ephemeris – Lets look at the Moon tonight

September 25, 2017 1 comment

Ephemeris for Monday, September 25th. The Sun will rise at 7:33 a.m. It’ll be up for 12 hours exactly, setting at 7:33 p.m. The Moon, 2 days before first quarter, will set at 10:52 this evening.

Let’s take a look at the crescent Moon tonight. It will be fairly low in the southwestern sky this evening. Four of the gray lava plains called seas are now visible in binoculars or small telescopes. Nearest the right limb of the Moon is the Sea of Crises, next nearest if the Sea of Fertility. A small sea next to that is the Sea of Nectar. Above that, mostly exposed to sunlight is the Sea of Tranquility. The Sun is just rising at Tranquility Base, where Apollo 11 landed, where the Lunar Module’s descent stage still lies, forlorn and empty. Below that is the beautiful crater Theophilus with its central peak. It is 61 miles (101 km) in diameter, and its crater walls rise over 13,000 feet (4,400 meters) above the crater floor.

The times given are for the Traverse City/Interlochen area of Michigan. They may be different for your location.

Addendum

The Moon tonight

The annotated crescent moon tonight, September 25, 2017. Created using Virtual Moon Atlas.  Click on the image to enlarge.

Apollo 11 landing site

The Apollo 11 landing site in one photograph by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. There are many with varying Sun angles in the Internet. Search for: Apollo 11 LRO images. Credit NASA.

10/06/2016 Ephemeris – Viewing the Moon tonight

October 6, 2016 Comments off

Ephemeris for Thursday, October 6th. The Sun will rise at 7:47. It’ll be up for 11 hours and 25 minutes, setting at 7:13. The Moon, 3 days before first quarter, will set at 10:44 this evening.

Tonight the waxing crescent Moon will appear between Saturn on the right and Mars on the left. In a small telescope the Sea of Tranquility is now mostly in daylight. The Sun will rise on the Apollo 11 landing site about one this afternoon. The landing site cannot be seen from the Earth, it’s artifacts are too small. The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter has to get down to about 15 miles altitude to photograph them. The craters of Theophilus, Cyrillus and Catharina are seen to the south of Tranquility. Just south of them there looks like a wrinkle in the Moon surface. It’s the Altai Scarp, which is named for the Altai mountains of central Asia. The three craters border the small Sea of Nectar. The lunar seas are basins of solidified lava.

Times are for the Traverse City/Interlochen area of Michigan. They may be different for your location.

Addendum

The Moon tonight

Moon Chart for tonight (October 6, 2016) at 9 p.m. showing the areas discussed above. Created using Virtual Moon Atlas.’

Apollo 11 landing site

The Apollo 11 landing site in one photograph by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. There are many with varying Sun angles in the Internet. Search for: Apollo 11 LRO images. Credit NASA.

07/20/2015 – Ephemeris – July 20th anniversaries

July 20, 2015 Comments off

Ephemeris for Monday, July 20th.  Today the Sun will be up for 15 hours and 5 minutes, setting at 9:21.   The Moon, 4 days before first quarter, will set at 11:34 this evening, and tomorrow the Sun will rise at 6:16.

July 20th is a special date for this country’s space program and a personal one.  On July 20, 1969 Apollo 11 landed on the Moon, the greatest achievement in the history of space flight.  Seven years later the robot lander Viking 1 landed on Mars.  NASA wanted it to be July 4th, 1976, the Bicentennial, but couldn’t find a smooth landing site in time.  My own connection to the date came in 1963, my first total solar eclipse. We traveled to Quebec province along side the St. Maurice River. To view 60 seconds of totality.  It was the first of four successful total solar eclipse trips I’ve been on..  I’m looking forward to my 5th on August 21st 2017, two years from now which is related to my first, I’ll tell you about that in my blog.

Times are for the Traverse City/Interlochen area of Michigan. They may be different for your location.

Addendum

July 20, 1969

Neil Armstrong about to step off the LM onto the surface of the moon, July 20, 1969. Credit: NASA.

July 20, 1976

First image sent back from Viking 1 after landing on Mars, July 20, 1976. Credit: NASA/JPL.  Click on image to enlarge.

Video of July 20, 1963 eclipse from the air. I got only one picture of the eclipse and it wasn’t very good.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OT3EW0KIjCc.

The date on the YouTube page is incorrect.  It is July 20, 1963.  I remember the corona being somewhat wedge-shaped, wider to one side than the other.  Other than that it was a typical quiet sun corona.

In the program above I mentioned that the August 21, 2017 solar eclipse was related to my first total solar eclipse.  This is the relationship:  A couple of centuries BC the Chaldean astronomers of ancient Babylonia discovered that eclipses repeated in a cycle lasting 6,585 1/3 days.  That’s 18 years 10 or 11 and 1/3 days depending on the number of leap years spanned.  That period was called the Saros by Sir Edmund Halley or comet fame.  So each eclipse would be visible 1/3 of the Earth farther west.  Note that there are many Saros cycles occurring at the same time, and that eclipses of a particular Saros gradually move northward or southward.  So to have an eclipse recur at the approximate same longitude one must wait 3 Saros cycles. or 54 years and one month approximately.  Thus the third Saros of the July 20, 1963 total solar eclipse will be August 21, 2017.  This Saros series (145) is moving southward.  In 1963 it crosses the US at Alaska and Maine.  Quebec was closer for us, s we went there.  Good thing too.  Maine was clouded and rained out.  For us the clouds parted at the beginning of the eclipse.  The 2015 eclipse will cross the continental US from Oregon to South Carolina.

A squished image of the July 20, 1963 eclipse path.  Right click on the image and select view image to get a correct image.  (works in Firefox).

 

A squished image of the August 21, 2017 eclipse path.  Right click on the image and select view image to get a correct image.  (works in Firefox).

03/06/2014 – Ephemeris – Observing the Moon tonight!

March 6, 2014 1 comment

Ephemeris for Thursday, March 6th.  The sun will rise at 7:11.  It’ll be up for 11 hours and 25 minutes, setting at 6:36.   The moon, 2 days before first quarter, will set at 12:56 tomorrow morning.

The Moon’s appearance has changed since I last talked about it on Tuesday.  The Crescent is wider.  The terminator, the sunrise line on the Moon that gives the Moon it’s now crescent phase has uncovered most of the Sea of Tranquility.  In fact the sun will have risen at the Apollo 11 landing site by this evening.  With a small telescope just beneath the center of the moon and near the terminator is one of my favorite craters Theophilus with its well-defined central peak.  It’s kind of middle-aged for craters on the moon from 1 to 3 billion years old.  It’s in much better shape than the crater Cyrillus of nearly the same size that it partially overlaps, which is thought to be at least a billion years older and shows it.

Times are for the Traverse City/Interlochen area of Michigan.  They may be different for your location.

Addendum

Moon

The Moon at 9 p.m. March 6, 2014 highlighting the Sea of Tranquility the Apollo 11 landing site (approximate) and the crater Theophilus. Created using Virtual Moon Atlas.

Lunar craters Theophilus and Cyrillus.  Credit:  NASA/LRO mapped on Virtual Moon Atlas.

Lunar craters Theophilus and Cyrillus. Credit: NASA/LRO mapped onto Virtual Moon Atlas.